Frequently Asked Questions about the Wind4Water™ Technology and Sales Programs
Q. What does the technology package consist of?
A. The Wind4Water™ (W4W) technology consists of a pre-engineered wind powered water desalinization facility. Depending on the amount of fresh water demand the facility includes a number of 750kW wind turbines, the Reverse Osmosis (RO) desalinization plant, proprietary controls to maximize water output and wind usage, storage tanks, ancillary pumps, etc. The system is delivered as a complete package.
Q. What water sources can be used?
A. Water for the RO plant can come from the ocean, inland seas, lakes, rivers, or wells. Even brackish waters can be used to provide fresh water through the reverse osmosis filtering system.
Q. What about when the wind stops blowing?
A. One of the design features of our pre-engineered system is to create excess fresh water when the wind is blowing so that it can be stored and delivered as needed when winds dies down. In this way the wind energy is stored in the form of fresh water, instead of expensive batteries or other forms of electrical storage. During times when the wind dies down completely the facility can automatically switch over to grid supplied power, or can rely on its own on-site standby generators.
Q. What are the advantages to using wind power to drive the RO plant?
A. In many areas of the world the electricity used to power a traditional RO plant is created by fossil fuels, which are both dirty and expensive. This is especially true of many island nations or developing countries, where energy costs can run more than $.20/kW USD or equivalent. Since electricity is the major cost of desalinating water, the cost of water follows the cost of energy. Assuming that the site has at least a moderate wind resource (> 5 m/s avg. annual wind speed), wind power can deliver the electricity to the RO plant less expensively, and without the pollution costs that fossil fuels create. This results in lower water prices immediately – and well into the future. As fossil fuels continue to escalate in price, wind power will remain a lower priced solution because the main ‘cost’ of the equipment – its cost of financing – was ‘locked in’ when the project started.
Q. How clean is the water produced by the RO plant?
A. Water produced by the reverse osmosis facilities exceeds the standards published for potable, fresh water by the World Health Organization and can be used for all fresh water purposes, including drinking, food preparation, irrigation, etc.
Q. How much water can be produced?
A. We offer 4 basic configurations of the Wind4Water™ system. The smallest facility will generate approximately 1,433 cubic meters (378,600 US gal) per day of fresh water, and the largest pre-engineered configuration will generate 5,732 cubic meters (1,514,394 US gal) per day. The basic system is of a ‘modular’ nature, so larger configurations are also possible. Depending on the country, this is equivalent to the per capita demand of between 15,000 to 115,000 people.
Q. How is the W4W technology sold?
A. The W4W facilities are available through Associated Wind Developers, LLC or any of our authorized ‘Ambassador’ Joint Venture partners around the world. A feasibility study is completed for each project to determine the economics and major design parameters. We offer a complete ‘turnkey’ installation, consisting of design, licensing, construction, financing and long term operations.
Q. How are the projects owned?
A. We will develop W4W projects for private parties who wish to maintain ownership of the projects, as well as developing projects which are independently owned by private investors within a Limited Liability Corporation which sells the fresh water to municipalities, water districts, or private owners under Water Purchase Agreements.
Q. Where is the Wind4Water™ system being marketed?
A. Around the world – island nations, developing markets, areas with lots of wind and high power costs, places that need lots of water – all are considered good candidates for the W4W system.
Q. Is it risky to invest in foreign countries?
A. Risk assessment and abatement is a key element in our feasibility studies. Most of our projects require assurances (backstopping) by internationally credit worthy entities or governments. We also work with OPIC to obtain Political Risk Insurance when necessary to safeguard such issues as currency inconvertibility, expropriation of facilities, or political violence.
Q. How profitable are the projects?
A. Project economics will vary depending on local factors such as wind speed, power costs, water prices, etc. We like to hand-pick projects for our investors which typically exhibit annual rates of return in excess of 20% of investments. Our projects are done via private placement investments and follow US SEC rules. Interested parties should inquire for further details. This is not an advertisement or prospectus.
Q. What is the W4W Benefactor (Donor) Program?
A. The Wind4Water™ Benefactor Program has been created to provide a means for benefactors (donors) to participate in the financing of projects by contributing the ‘down payment’ or equity required to finance the project. The donor typically receives tax benefits from such giving. The balance of the project financing comes from debt sources such as the World Bank, African Development Bank, and other such lending facilities. This program allows us to develop projects in impoverished areas of the world, and deliver the lowest priced water. Major donors (>$1M USD) can be involved in specifying project locations and in directing any future benefits stream.
Q. How can I get more information about the Benefactor Program?
A. Parties interested in the Benefactor Program are urged to contact our office directly at 1-800-360-0132, or have their favorite charity contact us for information about our Charity Affinity Program. We will work with such groups to place and recognize the donations on behalf of the donor.
Q. Are these new technologies?
A. No. Both wind energy and the reverse osmosis process have been around for decades. The wind turbines used at our plants have been ‘flying’ around the world since the mid 1990’s. The manufacturer of our desalinization plants has been building such plants for 23 years. As oil prices have continued to escalate, it is only natural to combine these two technologies to produce less expensive water. The control system used to make the major components work together, while proprietary, is quite simple.
Q. How much do the systems cost?
A. Depending on the size of the system the project costs will range between $4M to $12M, installed. After installation operating costs are very low due to the on-site generation of power.
Q. How can I start participating in either a For-Profit W4W project or the W4W Benefactor Program?
A. Contact our office today!